Calcite, calcium carbonate
Crystal system: Trigonal (many crystal forms,
prismatic, rhombohedral, scalenohedral)
Density: 2.7 gms/cm3
Colour: Colourless (impurities can cause Calcite to take on many colours).
Calcite is one of the most abundant minerals in the
Earth's crust. It is a significant rock forming
Though calcite is commonly almost pure calcium carbonate, calcium can be replaced by manganese, magnesium and iron. Thus Dolomite is a carbonate of both calcium and magnesium. Calcite is a major component of limestones, and forms the shell of a large number of marine creatures such as corals, molluscs and sponges.
The picture shows a nice, clear, scalenohedral crystal of Calcite from Nikolaevskiy Mine, Dal'negorsk, Russia.